Two rare cadinane-type sesquiterpenes, lyophyllone A (1) and lyophyllanetriol A (2), were isolated from the mushroom Lyophyllum transforme. The structures were elucidated on the basis of exhaustive NMR techniques, together with MS, UV–Vis and molecular modelling. The absolute configuration of lyophyl- lone A was determined by ab initio theoretical CD calculation performed by Density Functional Theory (DFT) using the B3PW91/6-31G(d,p) basis set. The experimental CD were found to be in good agreement with the corresponding population-weighted theoretical CD spectra, allowing for the determination of the absolute stereochemistry of the compound.
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