This paper addresses the determination of the areal reduction factor (ARF) as a function of area and duration when limited data are available, as often occurs. The analysis is carried out using the data recorded in a 10-yr period at the rainfall gauge network of the city of Milan (Italy). Four types of probability distributions (exponential, EV1, GEV and generalized Pareto), two parameter estimation methods (PWM and PPWM) and four different regression models of ARF on area and duration (two taken from the literature, two proposed by the authors) are considered. A return period of 5 years is considered. A sensitivity analysis is carried out to outline the effect exerted on ARF by the choice of probability distribution and the parameter estimation method and by that of the model. The effect of model choice is be more important than the choice of the distribution and estimation method. The models that fit the data best are the newly developed ones. The ARF model that has the best fit presents an root mean square error RMSE equal to 0.0204. This ARF error is only acceptable for practical purposes. The computed areal rainfall quantiles show inconsistencies, which are likely due more to insufficient coverage of the rain gauge network, particularly in the outskirts of the area being considered, than to the limited amount of data. For a proper investigation of the ARF dependence on area and duration, both a longer series and a better gauge distribution are necessary.

Evaluation of the areal reduction factor in an urban area through rainfall records of limited length: a case study

BARBERO, GIUSEPPE;MOISELLO, UGO;TODESCHINI, SARA
2014

Abstract

This paper addresses the determination of the areal reduction factor (ARF) as a function of area and duration when limited data are available, as often occurs. The analysis is carried out using the data recorded in a 10-yr period at the rainfall gauge network of the city of Milan (Italy). Four types of probability distributions (exponential, EV1, GEV and generalized Pareto), two parameter estimation methods (PWM and PPWM) and four different regression models of ARF on area and duration (two taken from the literature, two proposed by the authors) are considered. A return period of 5 years is considered. A sensitivity analysis is carried out to outline the effect exerted on ARF by the choice of probability distribution and the parameter estimation method and by that of the model. The effect of model choice is be more important than the choice of the distribution and estimation method. The models that fit the data best are the newly developed ones. The ARF model that has the best fit presents an root mean square error RMSE equal to 0.0204. This ARF error is only acceptable for practical purposes. The computed areal rainfall quantiles show inconsistencies, which are likely due more to insufficient coverage of the rain gauge network, particularly in the outskirts of the area being considered, than to the limited amount of data. For a proper investigation of the ARF dependence on area and duration, both a longer series and a better gauge distribution are necessary.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11571/979237
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