This paper deals with a crossover trial on healthy volunteers performed to obtain combined pharmacodynamic, safety and pharmacokinetic data in order to assess the bioequivalence of formoterol fumarate (CAS 43229-80-7) delivered by mono-dose dry powder inhalers, as test and reference. The trial was carried out on 24 Caucasian healthy male and female volunteers treated with 12 micrograms formoterol fumarate bihydrate capsules for inhalation route. Pharmacodynamics was evaluated through a challenge test with methacholine on the forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1). Safety was achieved from glucose and potassium serum levels assayed on timed samples over a 12-h period cost-dosing and from blood pressure, heart rate and ECG recording. Pharmacokinetics was obtained from urinary excretion of formoterol, assessed by a highly sensitive analytical method (LC-MS-MS). Pharmacodynamic, safety and pharmacokinetic results evidenced the bioequivalence of the two formulations investigated. This investigation is an interesting approach how to assess bioequivalence when the classical approach based on the similarity of plasma concentrations can not be applied.

Bioequivalence of inhaled formoterol fumarate assessed from pharmacodynamic, safety and urinary pharmacokinetic data.

CORSICO, ANGELO GUIDO
2000

Abstract

This paper deals with a crossover trial on healthy volunteers performed to obtain combined pharmacodynamic, safety and pharmacokinetic data in order to assess the bioequivalence of formoterol fumarate (CAS 43229-80-7) delivered by mono-dose dry powder inhalers, as test and reference. The trial was carried out on 24 Caucasian healthy male and female volunteers treated with 12 micrograms formoterol fumarate bihydrate capsules for inhalation route. Pharmacodynamics was evaluated through a challenge test with methacholine on the forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1). Safety was achieved from glucose and potassium serum levels assayed on timed samples over a 12-h period cost-dosing and from blood pressure, heart rate and ECG recording. Pharmacokinetics was obtained from urinary excretion of formoterol, assessed by a highly sensitive analytical method (LC-MS-MS). Pharmacodynamic, safety and pharmacokinetic results evidenced the bioequivalence of the two formulations investigated. This investigation is an interesting approach how to assess bioequivalence when the classical approach based on the similarity of plasma concentrations can not be applied.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/105627
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