Regio- and stereoselective Baeyer-Villiger oxidations are difficult to achieve by classical chemical means, particularly when large, functionalized molecules are to be converted. Biocatalysis using flavin-containing Baeyer-Villiger monooxygenases (BVMOs) is a well established tool to address these challenges, but known BVMOs have shortcomings in either stability or substrate selectivity. We characterized a novel BVMO from the thermophilic fungus Thermothelomyces thermophila, determined its three-dimensional structure, and demonstrated its use as a promising biocatalyst. This fungal enzyme displays excellent enantioselectivity, acts on various ketones, and is particularly active on polycyclic molecules. Most notably we observed that the enzyme can perform oxidations on both the A and D ring when converting steroids. These functional properties can be linked to unique structural features, which identify enzymes acting on bulky substrates as a distinct subgroup of the BVMO class.

Polycyclic Ketone Monooxygenase from the Thermophilic Fungus Thermothelomyces thermophila: A Structurally Distinct Biocatalyst for Bulky Substrates

SAVINO, SIMONE
Investigation
;
GOMEZ CASTELLANOS, JOSE RUBEN
Investigation
;
ROVIDA, STEFANO
Resources
;
FRAAIJE, MARCO WILHELMUS
Conceptualization
;
MATTEVI, ANDREA
Conceptualization
2017

Abstract

Regio- and stereoselective Baeyer-Villiger oxidations are difficult to achieve by classical chemical means, particularly when large, functionalized molecules are to be converted. Biocatalysis using flavin-containing Baeyer-Villiger monooxygenases (BVMOs) is a well established tool to address these challenges, but known BVMOs have shortcomings in either stability or substrate selectivity. We characterized a novel BVMO from the thermophilic fungus Thermothelomyces thermophila, determined its three-dimensional structure, and demonstrated its use as a promising biocatalyst. This fungal enzyme displays excellent enantioselectivity, acts on various ketones, and is particularly active on polycyclic molecules. Most notably we observed that the enzyme can perform oxidations on both the A and D ring when converting steroids. These functional properties can be linked to unique structural features, which identify enzymes acting on bulky substrates as a distinct subgroup of the BVMO class.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1180331
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