Parkinson's disease has been associated with defects in oxidative phosphorylation (Oxphos). We analyzed mitochondria isolated from muscle biopsies of 6 patients with Parkinson's disease for deficiencies in Oxphos enzymes and for mutations in the mitochondrial DNA. Oxphos enzyme assays were compared to the 5 to 95% confidence intervals from 16 control subjects. Four patients had complex I defects, whereas 1 patient had a complex IV defect. A genetic basis for Parkinson's disease was suggested by the presence of affected relatives of 2 patients with Parkinson's disease. Known pathological mitochondrial DNA mutations (insertion-deletions or point mutations) were not found. We conclude that Parkinson's disease is a systemic disorder of Oxphos, probably of a complex genetic etiology. Premature cell death in the nigrostriatal dopamine pathway could be due to energetic impairment and accentuated free radical generation caused by an Oxphos defect.

Mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation defects in Parkinson Disease

TORRONI, ANTONIO;
1991

Abstract

Parkinson's disease has been associated with defects in oxidative phosphorylation (Oxphos). We analyzed mitochondria isolated from muscle biopsies of 6 patients with Parkinson's disease for deficiencies in Oxphos enzymes and for mutations in the mitochondrial DNA. Oxphos enzyme assays were compared to the 5 to 95% confidence intervals from 16 control subjects. Four patients had complex I defects, whereas 1 patient had a complex IV defect. A genetic basis for Parkinson's disease was suggested by the presence of affected relatives of 2 patients with Parkinson's disease. Known pathological mitochondrial DNA mutations (insertion-deletions or point mutations) were not found. We conclude that Parkinson's disease is a systemic disorder of Oxphos, probably of a complex genetic etiology. Premature cell death in the nigrostriatal dopamine pathway could be due to energetic impairment and accentuated free radical generation caused by an Oxphos defect.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11571/119769
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