Purpose: To evaluate morphological changes of the femoropopliteal (FP) arteries due to limb flexion in patients undergoing endovascular treatment of popliteal artery aneurysms (PAAs). Materials and Methods: Seven male patients (mean age 68 years) underwent endovascular treatment of PAA with a Viabahn stent-graft between January 2013 and December 2017. During follow-up, one contrast-enhanced computed tomography angiography (CTA) scan of the lower limbs was acquired for each recruited patient. A standardized CTA protocol for acquisitions in both straight-leg and bent-leg positions was used to visualize changes in artery shape due to limb flexion. Three-dimensional reconstruction of the FP segment was performed to compute mean diameter and eccentricity of the vascular lumen and to measure length, tortuosity, and curvature of the vessel centerline in 3 arterial zones: (A) between the origin of the superficial femoral artery and the proximal end of the stent-graft, (B) within the stent-graft, and (C) from the distal end of the stent-graft to the origin of the anterior tibial artery. Results: After limb flexion, all zones of the FP segment foreshortened: 6% in zone A (p=0.001), 4% in zone B (p=0.001), and 8% in zone C (p=0.07), which was the shortest (mean 4.5±3.6 cm compared with 23.8±5.7 cm in zone A and 23.6±7.4 cm in zone B). Tortuosity increased in zone A (mean 0.03 to 0.05, p=0.03), in zone B (0.06 to 0.15, p=0.005), and in zone C (0.027 to 0.031, p=0.1). Mean curvature increased 15% (p=0.05) in zone A, 27% (p=0.005) in zone B, and 95% (p=0.06) in zone C. In all zones, the mean artery diameter and eccentricity were not significantly affected by limb flexion. Conclusion: Limb flexion induces vessel foreshortening and increases mean curvature and tortuosity of the FP segment both within and outside the area of the stent-graft.

In Vivo Morphological Changes of the Femoropopliteal Arteries due to Knee Flexion After Endovascular Treatment of Popliteal Aneurysm

FINOTELLO, ALICE;MAMBRINI, SIMONE;Gazzola V.;Auricchio F.;Conti M.
2019

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate morphological changes of the femoropopliteal (FP) arteries due to limb flexion in patients undergoing endovascular treatment of popliteal artery aneurysms (PAAs). Materials and Methods: Seven male patients (mean age 68 years) underwent endovascular treatment of PAA with a Viabahn stent-graft between January 2013 and December 2017. During follow-up, one contrast-enhanced computed tomography angiography (CTA) scan of the lower limbs was acquired for each recruited patient. A standardized CTA protocol for acquisitions in both straight-leg and bent-leg positions was used to visualize changes in artery shape due to limb flexion. Three-dimensional reconstruction of the FP segment was performed to compute mean diameter and eccentricity of the vascular lumen and to measure length, tortuosity, and curvature of the vessel centerline in 3 arterial zones: (A) between the origin of the superficial femoral artery and the proximal end of the stent-graft, (B) within the stent-graft, and (C) from the distal end of the stent-graft to the origin of the anterior tibial artery. Results: After limb flexion, all zones of the FP segment foreshortened: 6% in zone A (p=0.001), 4% in zone B (p=0.001), and 8% in zone C (p=0.07), which was the shortest (mean 4.5±3.6 cm compared with 23.8±5.7 cm in zone A and 23.6±7.4 cm in zone B). Tortuosity increased in zone A (mean 0.03 to 0.05, p=0.03), in zone B (0.06 to 0.15, p=0.005), and in zone C (0.027 to 0.031, p=0.1). Mean curvature increased 15% (p=0.05) in zone A, 27% (p=0.005) in zone B, and 95% (p=0.06) in zone C. In all zones, the mean artery diameter and eccentricity were not significantly affected by limb flexion. Conclusion: Limb flexion induces vessel foreshortening and increases mean curvature and tortuosity of the FP segment both within and outside the area of the stent-graft.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1285993
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