Chitosan oleate (CS-OA), a chitosan salt with amphiphilic properties, has demonstrated the ability to self-assemble in aqueous environment to give polymeric micelles useful to load poorly soluble drugs. More recently, CS-OA was proposed to stabilize nanoemulsions during the preparation by emulsification and solvent evaporation of poly lactic-glycolic acid (PLGA) nanoparticles (NPs) loaded with curcumin. Positive mucoadhesive behavior and internalization properties were demonstrated for these NPs attributable to the presence of positive charge at the NP surface. In the present paper, two CS-OA-based nanosystems, micelles and PLGA NPs, were compared with the aim of elucidating their physico-chemical characteristics, and especially their interaction with cell substrates. The two systems were loaded with resveratrol (RSV), a hydrophobic polyphenol endowed with anti-cancerogenic, anti-inflammatory, and heart/brain protective effects, but with low bioavailability mainly due to poor aqueous solubility. Calorimetric analysis and X-ray spectra demonstrated amorphization of RSV, confirming its affinity for hydrophobic domains of polymeric micelles and PLGA core of NPs. TGA decomposition patterns suggest higher stability of PLGA-NPs compared with polymeric micelles, that anyway resulted more stable than expected, considering the RSV release profiles, and the cell line interaction results.

Chitosan Oleate Coated Poly Lactic-Glycolic Acid (PLGA) Nanoparticles versus Chitosan Oleate Self-Assembled Polymeric Micelles, Loaded with Resveratrol

Miele D.;Catenacci L.;Sorrenti M.;Rossi S.;Sandri G.;Malavasi L.;Dacarro G.;Ferrari F.;Bonferoni M. C.
2019

Abstract

Chitosan oleate (CS-OA), a chitosan salt with amphiphilic properties, has demonstrated the ability to self-assemble in aqueous environment to give polymeric micelles useful to load poorly soluble drugs. More recently, CS-OA was proposed to stabilize nanoemulsions during the preparation by emulsification and solvent evaporation of poly lactic-glycolic acid (PLGA) nanoparticles (NPs) loaded with curcumin. Positive mucoadhesive behavior and internalization properties were demonstrated for these NPs attributable to the presence of positive charge at the NP surface. In the present paper, two CS-OA-based nanosystems, micelles and PLGA NPs, were compared with the aim of elucidating their physico-chemical characteristics, and especially their interaction with cell substrates. The two systems were loaded with resveratrol (RSV), a hydrophobic polyphenol endowed with anti-cancerogenic, anti-inflammatory, and heart/brain protective effects, but with low bioavailability mainly due to poor aqueous solubility. Calorimetric analysis and X-ray spectra demonstrated amorphization of RSV, confirming its affinity for hydrophobic domains of polymeric micelles and PLGA core of NPs. TGA decomposition patterns suggest higher stability of PLGA-NPs compared with polymeric micelles, that anyway resulted more stable than expected, considering the RSV release profiles, and the cell line interaction results.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11571/1305048
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