γ-Glutamyl transpeptidase from equine kidney (ekGGT, E.C. 2.3.2.2) is an intrinsic membrane enzyme which transfers the γ-glutamyl moiety of glutathione to amino acids and peptides, thus producing γ-glutamyl derivatives. An immobilization study of ekGGT was carried out with the aim to develop a robust biocatalyst for the synthesis of γ-glutamyl amino acids which are known as kokumi compounds. Heterofunctional octyl-glyoxyl-agarose resulted in a high immobilization yield and activity recovery (93 % and 88 %, respectively). Immobilized ekGGT retained more than 95 % activity under reaction conditions (Tris-HCl, pH 9, 0.05 M) after 6 days, whereas the residual activity after 6 reaction cycles (18 days) was 85 %. The synthesis of γ-glutamylmethionine catalyzed by octyl-glyoxyl-agarose-ekGGT afforded the product in 42 % yield (101 mg). The immobilized ekGGT was characterized by Raman spectroscopy. The immobilization protocol developed for ekGGT could be of general applicability to membrane proteins.

Immobilization of γ-Glutamyl Transpeptidase from Equine Kidney for the Synthesis of Kokumi Compounds

Bruni M.;Robescu M. S.;Ubiali D.;Marrubini G.;Bavaro T.
2020

Abstract

γ-Glutamyl transpeptidase from equine kidney (ekGGT, E.C. 2.3.2.2) is an intrinsic membrane enzyme which transfers the γ-glutamyl moiety of glutathione to amino acids and peptides, thus producing γ-glutamyl derivatives. An immobilization study of ekGGT was carried out with the aim to develop a robust biocatalyst for the synthesis of γ-glutamyl amino acids which are known as kokumi compounds. Heterofunctional octyl-glyoxyl-agarose resulted in a high immobilization yield and activity recovery (93 % and 88 %, respectively). Immobilized ekGGT retained more than 95 % activity under reaction conditions (Tris-HCl, pH 9, 0.05 M) after 6 days, whereas the residual activity after 6 reaction cycles (18 days) was 85 %. The synthesis of γ-glutamylmethionine catalyzed by octyl-glyoxyl-agarose-ekGGT afforded the product in 42 % yield (101 mg). The immobilized ekGGT was characterized by Raman spectroscopy. The immobilization protocol developed for ekGGT could be of general applicability to membrane proteins.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1322074
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