Absolute and human cytomegalovirus (HCMV)- specific CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell counts were monitored in 38 solid organ (20 heart, 9 lung and 9 kidney) transplant recipients during the first year after transplantation by a novel assay based on T-cell stimulation with HCMV-infected autologous dendritic cells. According to the pattern of T-cell restoration occurring either within the first month after transplantation or later, patients were classified as either early (n = 21) or late responders (n = 17). HCMV-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell counts were consistently lower in late compared to early responders from baseline through 6 months after transplantation. In addition, in late responders, while HCMV infection preceded immune restoration, HCMV-specific CD4+ restoration was significantly delayed with respect to CD8+ T-cell restoration. The number of HCMV-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T-cells detected prior to transplantation significantly correlated with time to T-cell immunity restoration, in that higher HCMV-specific T-cell counts predicted earlier immune restoration. Clinically, the great majority of early responders (18/21, 85.7%) underwent self-resolving HCMV infections (p = 0.004), whereas the great majority of late responders (13/17, 76.5%) were affected by HCMV infections requiring antiviral treatment (p = <0.0001). Simultaneous monitoring of HCMV infection and HCMV-specific T-cell immunity predicts T-cell-mediated control of HCMV infection.

Monitoring of human cytomegalovirus-specific CD4 and CD8 T-cell immunity in patients receiving solid organ transplantation

GERNA, GIUSEPPE;COMOLLI, GIUDITTA;CAMPANA, CLAUDIA;PELLEGRINI, CARLO;MELONI, FEDERICA;
2006-01-01

Abstract

Absolute and human cytomegalovirus (HCMV)- specific CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell counts were monitored in 38 solid organ (20 heart, 9 lung and 9 kidney) transplant recipients during the first year after transplantation by a novel assay based on T-cell stimulation with HCMV-infected autologous dendritic cells. According to the pattern of T-cell restoration occurring either within the first month after transplantation or later, patients were classified as either early (n = 21) or late responders (n = 17). HCMV-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell counts were consistently lower in late compared to early responders from baseline through 6 months after transplantation. In addition, in late responders, while HCMV infection preceded immune restoration, HCMV-specific CD4+ restoration was significantly delayed with respect to CD8+ T-cell restoration. The number of HCMV-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T-cells detected prior to transplantation significantly correlated with time to T-cell immunity restoration, in that higher HCMV-specific T-cell counts predicted earlier immune restoration. Clinically, the great majority of early responders (18/21, 85.7%) underwent self-resolving HCMV infections (p = 0.004), whereas the great majority of late responders (13/17, 76.5%) were affected by HCMV infections requiring antiviral treatment (p = <0.0001). Simultaneous monitoring of HCMV infection and HCMV-specific T-cell immunity predicts T-cell-mediated control of HCMV infection.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/136951
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 39
  • Scopus 141
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 134
social impact