Objectives: The aim of this study was to describe the radiological features of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary disease (CTEPD), not yet systematically described in the literature. Furthermore, we compared vascular scores between CTEPD and chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) patients, trying to explain why pulmonary hypertension does not develop at rest in CTEPD patients. Methods: Eighty-five patients (40 CTEPD, 45 CTEPH) referred to our centre for pulmonary endarterectomy underwent dual-energy computed tomography pulmonary angiography (DE-CTPA) with iodine perfusion maps; other 6 CTEPD patients underwent single-source CTPA. CT scans were reviewed independently by an experienced cardiothoracic radiologist and a radiology resident to evaluate scores of vascular obstruction, hypoperfusion and mosaic attenuation, signs of pulmonary hypertension and other CT features typical of CTEPH. Results: Vascular obstruction burden was similar in the two groups (p = 0.073), but CTEPD patients have a smaller extension of perfusion defects in the iodine map (p = 0.009) and a smaller number of these patients had mosaic attenuation (p < 0.001) than CTEPH patients, suggesting the absence of microvascular disease. Furthermore, as expected, the two groups were significantly different considering the indirect signs of pulmonary hypertension (p < 0.001). Conclusions: CTEPD and CTEPH patients have significantly different radiological characteristics, in terms of signs of pulmonary hypertension, mosaic attenuation and iodine map perfusion extension. Importantly, our results suggest that the absence of peripheral microvascular disease, even in presence of an important thrombotic burden, might be the reason for the absence of pulmonary hypertension in CTEPD. Key Points: • CTEPD and CTEPH patients have significantly different radiological characteristics. • The absence of peripheral microvascular disease might be the reason for the absence of pulmonary hypertension in CTEPD.

Radiological differences between chronic thromboembolic pulmonary disease (CTEPD) and chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH)

Corsico A. G.;;D'Armini A. M.
2021

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study was to describe the radiological features of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary disease (CTEPD), not yet systematically described in the literature. Furthermore, we compared vascular scores between CTEPD and chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) patients, trying to explain why pulmonary hypertension does not develop at rest in CTEPD patients. Methods: Eighty-five patients (40 CTEPD, 45 CTEPH) referred to our centre for pulmonary endarterectomy underwent dual-energy computed tomography pulmonary angiography (DE-CTPA) with iodine perfusion maps; other 6 CTEPD patients underwent single-source CTPA. CT scans were reviewed independently by an experienced cardiothoracic radiologist and a radiology resident to evaluate scores of vascular obstruction, hypoperfusion and mosaic attenuation, signs of pulmonary hypertension and other CT features typical of CTEPH. Results: Vascular obstruction burden was similar in the two groups (p = 0.073), but CTEPD patients have a smaller extension of perfusion defects in the iodine map (p = 0.009) and a smaller number of these patients had mosaic attenuation (p < 0.001) than CTEPH patients, suggesting the absence of microvascular disease. Furthermore, as expected, the two groups were significantly different considering the indirect signs of pulmonary hypertension (p < 0.001). Conclusions: CTEPD and CTEPH patients have significantly different radiological characteristics, in terms of signs of pulmonary hypertension, mosaic attenuation and iodine map perfusion extension. Importantly, our results suggest that the absence of peripheral microvascular disease, even in presence of an important thrombotic burden, might be the reason for the absence of pulmonary hypertension in CTEPD. Key Points: • CTEPD and CTEPH patients have significantly different radiological characteristics. • The absence of peripheral microvascular disease might be the reason for the absence of pulmonary hypertension in CTEPD.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11571/1386254
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