Background and aims: Despite elevated serum uric acid (eSUA) has been identified as independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, its prognostic value in the setting of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is still controversial. Although the mechanisms of this possible relationship are unsettled it has been suggested that eSUA could trigger the inflammatory response. This study sought to investigate the association between eSUA with short-and long-term mortality and with inflammatory response in patients with STEMI treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI).Methods and results: Blood samples were collected on admission and at 24 and 48 h after pPCI: the inflammatory biomarkers C-reactive protein (CRP), neutrophil count and neutrophil to lymphocytes ratio (NLR) were considered. Baseline eSUA was defined as >= 6.8 mg/dl. Cumulative 30-days and 1-year mortalities were estimated using the Kaplan-Meyer analysis. Multivariable analyses were performed by Cox proportional hazard models.In the 2369 patients with STEMI considered, 30-day mortality was 5.8% among patients with eSUA and 2% among patient with normal SUA level (p < 0.001); 1-year mortality was 8.5% vs 4%, respectively (p < 0.001). At multivariable analyses eSUA was an independent predictor of 30-day mortality (HR 1.196, 95%CI 1.006-1.321, p = 0.042) and 1-year mortality (HR 1.178, 95%CI 1.052-1.320, p = 0.005). eSUA patients presented higher values in on admission CRP (p < 0.001) and in neutrophil count and NLR at 24 h (respectively, p = 0.020 and p < 0.001) and at 48 h (p = 0.018 and p < 0.001) compared to patients with normal SUA levels.Conclusions: Elevated serum uric acid is associated with higher short- and long-term mortality and with a greater inflammatory response after reperfusion in patients with STEMI treated with primary PCI. (C) 2020 The Italian Diabetes Society, the Italian Society for the Study of Atherosclerosis, the Italian Society of Human Nutrition and the Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Federico II University. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Elevated serum uric acid is associated with a greater inflammatory response and with short- and long-term mortality in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention

Mandurino-Mirizzi, Alessandro;Cornara, Stefano;Somaschini, Alberto;Galazzi, Marco;Montalto, Claudio;Crimi, Gabriele;Ferlini, Marco;Camporotondo, Rita;Gnecchi, Massimiliano;Ferrario, Maurizio;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Background and aims: Despite elevated serum uric acid (eSUA) has been identified as independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, its prognostic value in the setting of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is still controversial. Although the mechanisms of this possible relationship are unsettled it has been suggested that eSUA could trigger the inflammatory response. This study sought to investigate the association between eSUA with short-and long-term mortality and with inflammatory response in patients with STEMI treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI).Methods and results: Blood samples were collected on admission and at 24 and 48 h after pPCI: the inflammatory biomarkers C-reactive protein (CRP), neutrophil count and neutrophil to lymphocytes ratio (NLR) were considered. Baseline eSUA was defined as >= 6.8 mg/dl. Cumulative 30-days and 1-year mortalities were estimated using the Kaplan-Meyer analysis. Multivariable analyses were performed by Cox proportional hazard models.In the 2369 patients with STEMI considered, 30-day mortality was 5.8% among patients with eSUA and 2% among patient with normal SUA level (p < 0.001); 1-year mortality was 8.5% vs 4%, respectively (p < 0.001). At multivariable analyses eSUA was an independent predictor of 30-day mortality (HR 1.196, 95%CI 1.006-1.321, p = 0.042) and 1-year mortality (HR 1.178, 95%CI 1.052-1.320, p = 0.005). eSUA patients presented higher values in on admission CRP (p < 0.001) and in neutrophil count and NLR at 24 h (respectively, p = 0.020 and p < 0.001) and at 48 h (p = 0.018 and p < 0.001) compared to patients with normal SUA levels.Conclusions: Elevated serum uric acid is associated with higher short- and long-term mortality and with a greater inflammatory response after reperfusion in patients with STEMI treated with primary PCI. (C) 2020 The Italian Diabetes Society, the Italian Society for the Study of Atherosclerosis, the Italian Society of Human Nutrition and the Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Federico II University. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1463210
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