Dimethyl fumarate (DMF) is an effective treatment for relapsing remitting Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and its mechanisms of action encompass immunomodulatory and cytoprotective effects. Despite DMF is known to activate the Nrf2 pathway, Nrf2-independent mechanisms have been also reported and new insights on the underlying molecular mechanisms are still emerging including transcriptional and post-transcriptional events. At this regard, we focused on a small family of RNA-binding proteins, the ELAV-like proteins, that play a pivotal role in post-transcriptional mechanisms and are involved in the pathogenesis of several psychiatric and neurologic disorders. HuR, the ubiquitously expressed member of the family, is implicated in many cellular functions, including survival, inflammation and proper functioning of the immune system. We previously documented the potential entanglement of HuR in MS pathogenesis. In the present work, we explored HuR protein levels in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from MS patients before and after DMF treatment compared to healthy controls (HC). Considering that HuR may act on various targets, playing a protective role against oxidative stress, our main goals were to evaluate whether manganese-dependent superoxide dismutase transcript (SOD2) could represent a new molecular target of HuR and to study the potential influence of DMF treatment on this interaction.

Evidence for novel cell defense mechanisms sustained by dimethyl fumarate in multiple sclerosis patients: the HuR/SOD2 cascade

Mallucci, Giulia;Marchesi, Nicoletta
;
Campagnoli, Lucrezia Irene Maria;Boschi, Federica;Fahmideh, Foroogh;Fusco, Sara;Tavazzi, Eleonora;Govoni, Stefano;Bergamaschi, Roberto;Pascale, Alessia
2022-01-01

Abstract

Dimethyl fumarate (DMF) is an effective treatment for relapsing remitting Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and its mechanisms of action encompass immunomodulatory and cytoprotective effects. Despite DMF is known to activate the Nrf2 pathway, Nrf2-independent mechanisms have been also reported and new insights on the underlying molecular mechanisms are still emerging including transcriptional and post-transcriptional events. At this regard, we focused on a small family of RNA-binding proteins, the ELAV-like proteins, that play a pivotal role in post-transcriptional mechanisms and are involved in the pathogenesis of several psychiatric and neurologic disorders. HuR, the ubiquitously expressed member of the family, is implicated in many cellular functions, including survival, inflammation and proper functioning of the immune system. We previously documented the potential entanglement of HuR in MS pathogenesis. In the present work, we explored HuR protein levels in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from MS patients before and after DMF treatment compared to healthy controls (HC). Considering that HuR may act on various targets, playing a protective role against oxidative stress, our main goals were to evaluate whether manganese-dependent superoxide dismutase transcript (SOD2) could represent a new molecular target of HuR and to study the potential influence of DMF treatment on this interaction.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1465885
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