Indocyanine green (ICG) is a safe dye widely used in the biomedical field. Its photodynamic effect (PDT), originating from laser irradiation at 803 nm, opens interesting perspectives in theranostic applications. To overcome its low water stability, ICG can be shielded with nanoparticles (NPs). In this work, previously developed NPs based on poly lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) coated with chitosan oleate (CS-OA) and loaded with resveratrol as a hydrophobic model drug have been proposed as an ICG carrier. These systems have been selected for their observed immunostimulatory properties. The possible loading of the dye by adsorption onto NP surface by electrostatic interaction was studied here in comparison with the encapsulation into the PLGA core. The ICG-chitosan (CS) interaction has been characterized by spectrophotometry, spectroscopy and in-cell in vitro assays. Fluorescence quenching was observed due to the ionic interaction between ICG and CS and was studied considering the dye:polymer stoichiometry and the effect of the NP dilution in cell culture medium (DMEM). The NP systems have been compared in vitro, assessing their behaviour in Caco-2 cell lines. A reduction in cell viability was observed after irradiation of ICG associated with NPs, evident also for the samples loaded by adsorption. These findings open the opportunity to exploit the association of PDT's effect on ICG with the properties of CS-OA coated NPs, whose immunostimulatory effect can be associated with PDT mechanism in cancer therapy.

Association of Indocyanine Green with Chitosan Oleate Coated PLGA Nanoparticles for Photodynamic Therapy

Miele, Dalila;Sorrenti, Milena;Minzioni, Paolo;Marrubini, Giorgio;Amendola, Valeria;Maestri, Marcello;Bonferoni, Maria Cristina
2022-01-01

Abstract

Indocyanine green (ICG) is a safe dye widely used in the biomedical field. Its photodynamic effect (PDT), originating from laser irradiation at 803 nm, opens interesting perspectives in theranostic applications. To overcome its low water stability, ICG can be shielded with nanoparticles (NPs). In this work, previously developed NPs based on poly lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) coated with chitosan oleate (CS-OA) and loaded with resveratrol as a hydrophobic model drug have been proposed as an ICG carrier. These systems have been selected for their observed immunostimulatory properties. The possible loading of the dye by adsorption onto NP surface by electrostatic interaction was studied here in comparison with the encapsulation into the PLGA core. The ICG-chitosan (CS) interaction has been characterized by spectrophotometry, spectroscopy and in-cell in vitro assays. Fluorescence quenching was observed due to the ionic interaction between ICG and CS and was studied considering the dye:polymer stoichiometry and the effect of the NP dilution in cell culture medium (DMEM). The NP systems have been compared in vitro, assessing their behaviour in Caco-2 cell lines. A reduction in cell viability was observed after irradiation of ICG associated with NPs, evident also for the samples loaded by adsorption. These findings open the opportunity to exploit the association of PDT's effect on ICG with the properties of CS-OA coated NPs, whose immunostimulatory effect can be associated with PDT mechanism in cancer therapy.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1466144
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