Objectives: Developing new high relaxivity gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCAs) for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) allowing dose reduction while maintaining similar diagnostic efficacy is needed, especially in the context of gadolinium retention in tissues. This study aimed to demonstrate that contrast-enhanced MRI of the central nervous system (CNS) with gadopiclenol at 0.05 mmol/kg is not inferior to gadobutrol at 0.1 mmol/kg, and superior to unenhanced MRI. Materials and methods: PICTURE is an international, randomized, double-blinded, controlled, cross-over, phase III study, conducted between June 2019 and September 2020. Adult patients with CNS lesions were randomized to undergo 2 MRIs (interval, 2-14 days) with gadopiclenol (0.05 mmol/kg) then gadobutrol (0.1 mmol/kg) or vice versa. The primary criterion was lesion visualization based on 3 parameters (border delineation, internal morphology, and contrast enhancement), assessed by 3 off-site blinded readers. Key secondary outcomes included lesion-to-background ratio, enhancement percentage, contrast-to-noise ratio, overall diagnostic preference, and adverse events. Results: Of the 256 randomized patients, 250 received at least 1 GBCA administration (mean [SD] age, 57.2 [13.8] years; 53.6% women). The statistical noninferiority of gadopiclenol (0.05 mmol/kg) to gadobutrol (0.1 mmol/kg) was achieved for all parameters and all readers (n = 236, lower limit 95% confidence interval of the difference ≥-0.06, above the noninferiority margin [-0.35], P < 0.0001), as well as its statistical superiority over unenhanced images (n = 239, lower limit 95% confidence interval of the difference ≥1.29, P < 0.0001).Enhancement percentage and lesion-to-background ratio were higher with gadopiclenol for all readers ( P < 0.0001), and contrast-to-noise ratio was higher for 2 readers ( P = 0.02 and P < 0.0001). Three blinded readers preferred images with gadopiclenol for 44.8%, 54.4%, and 57.3% of evaluations, reported no preference for 40.7%, 21.6%, and 23.2%, and preferred images with gadobutrol for 14.5%, 24.1%, and 19.5% ( P < 0.001).Adverse events reported after MRI were similar for gadopiclenol (14.6% of patients) and gadobutrol (17.6%). Adverse events considered related to gadopiclenol (4.9%) and gadobutrol (6.9%) were mainly injection site reactions, and none was serious. Conclusions: Gadopiclenol at 0.05 mmol/kg is not inferior to gadobutrol at 0.1 mmol/kg for MRI of the CNS, confirming that gadopiclenol can be used at half the gadolinium dose used for other GBCAs to achieve similar clinical efficacy.

Efficacy and Safety of Gadopiclenol for Contrast-Enhanced MRI of the Central Nervous System: The PICTURE Randomized Clinical Trial

Pichiecchio, Anna
2023-01-01

Abstract

Objectives: Developing new high relaxivity gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCAs) for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) allowing dose reduction while maintaining similar diagnostic efficacy is needed, especially in the context of gadolinium retention in tissues. This study aimed to demonstrate that contrast-enhanced MRI of the central nervous system (CNS) with gadopiclenol at 0.05 mmol/kg is not inferior to gadobutrol at 0.1 mmol/kg, and superior to unenhanced MRI. Materials and methods: PICTURE is an international, randomized, double-blinded, controlled, cross-over, phase III study, conducted between June 2019 and September 2020. Adult patients with CNS lesions were randomized to undergo 2 MRIs (interval, 2-14 days) with gadopiclenol (0.05 mmol/kg) then gadobutrol (0.1 mmol/kg) or vice versa. The primary criterion was lesion visualization based on 3 parameters (border delineation, internal morphology, and contrast enhancement), assessed by 3 off-site blinded readers. Key secondary outcomes included lesion-to-background ratio, enhancement percentage, contrast-to-noise ratio, overall diagnostic preference, and adverse events. Results: Of the 256 randomized patients, 250 received at least 1 GBCA administration (mean [SD] age, 57.2 [13.8] years; 53.6% women). The statistical noninferiority of gadopiclenol (0.05 mmol/kg) to gadobutrol (0.1 mmol/kg) was achieved for all parameters and all readers (n = 236, lower limit 95% confidence interval of the difference ≥-0.06, above the noninferiority margin [-0.35], P < 0.0001), as well as its statistical superiority over unenhanced images (n = 239, lower limit 95% confidence interval of the difference ≥1.29, P < 0.0001).Enhancement percentage and lesion-to-background ratio were higher with gadopiclenol for all readers ( P < 0.0001), and contrast-to-noise ratio was higher for 2 readers ( P = 0.02 and P < 0.0001). Three blinded readers preferred images with gadopiclenol for 44.8%, 54.4%, and 57.3% of evaluations, reported no preference for 40.7%, 21.6%, and 23.2%, and preferred images with gadobutrol for 14.5%, 24.1%, and 19.5% ( P < 0.001).Adverse events reported after MRI were similar for gadopiclenol (14.6% of patients) and gadobutrol (17.6%). Adverse events considered related to gadopiclenol (4.9%) and gadobutrol (6.9%) were mainly injection site reactions, and none was serious. Conclusions: Gadopiclenol at 0.05 mmol/kg is not inferior to gadobutrol at 0.1 mmol/kg for MRI of the CNS, confirming that gadopiclenol can be used at half the gadolinium dose used for other GBCAs to achieve similar clinical efficacy.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1476376
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