In this paper a novel hierarchical multi-level control scheme is proposed for freeway traffic systems. Relying on a coupled PDE-ODE nominal model, capturing the interaction between the macroscopic traffic flow and a platoon of connected and automated electric vehicles (CAVs) which acts as a moving bottleneck, a high-level model predictive controller (MPC) is adopted to reduce traffic congestion and vehicle fuel consumption. This controller generates, only when necessary, i.e., according to an event-triggered control logic, the most appropriate reference values for the platoon length and velocity. The platoon is in turn controlled, in an energy efficient way, by a distributed medium-level MPC, so as to track the reference speed values for its downstream and upstream end-points provided by the high-level MPC. The mismatch between the dynamics of the CAVs forming the platoon and their nominal dynamics is tackled via the design of local low-level robust integral sliding mode controllers, which have the capability of compensating for the mismatch. In the paper, the controlled platoon of CAVs is assumed to be immersed into a realistic traffic system with traffic demand not known in advance, which differs from the nominal prediction model used by the high-level MPC.

Multi-Scale Model-Based Hierarchical Control of Freeway Traffic via Platoons of Connected and Automated Vehicles

Ferrara, A;
2022-01-01

Abstract

In this paper a novel hierarchical multi-level control scheme is proposed for freeway traffic systems. Relying on a coupled PDE-ODE nominal model, capturing the interaction between the macroscopic traffic flow and a platoon of connected and automated electric vehicles (CAVs) which acts as a moving bottleneck, a high-level model predictive controller (MPC) is adopted to reduce traffic congestion and vehicle fuel consumption. This controller generates, only when necessary, i.e., according to an event-triggered control logic, the most appropriate reference values for the platoon length and velocity. The platoon is in turn controlled, in an energy efficient way, by a distributed medium-level MPC, so as to track the reference speed values for its downstream and upstream end-points provided by the high-level MPC. The mismatch between the dynamics of the CAVs forming the platoon and their nominal dynamics is tackled via the design of local low-level robust integral sliding mode controllers, which have the capability of compensating for the mismatch. In the paper, the controlled platoon of CAVs is assumed to be immersed into a realistic traffic system with traffic demand not known in advance, which differs from the nominal prediction model used by the high-level MPC.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1477587
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