Patulin synthase (PatE) from Penicillium expansum is a flavin-dependent enzyme that catalyses the last step in the biosynthesis of the mycotoxin patulin. This secondary metabolite is often present in fruit and fruit-derived products, causing postharvest losses. The patE gene was expressed in Aspergillus niger allowing purification and characterization of PatE. This confirmed that PatE is active not only on the proposed patulin precursor ascladiol but also on several aromatic alcohols including 5-hydroxymethylfurfural. By elucidating its crystal structure, details on its catalytic mechanism were revealed. Several aspects of the active site architecture are reminiscent of that of fungal aryl-alcohol oxidases. Yet, PatE is most efficient with ascladiol as substrate confirming its dedicated role in biosynthesis of patulin.

Structure elucidation and characterization of patulin synthase, insights into the formation of a fungal mycotoxin

Boverio A.
Investigation
;
Mattevi A.
Conceptualization
;
Fraaije M. W.
Conceptualization
2023-01-01

Abstract

Patulin synthase (PatE) from Penicillium expansum is a flavin-dependent enzyme that catalyses the last step in the biosynthesis of the mycotoxin patulin. This secondary metabolite is often present in fruit and fruit-derived products, causing postharvest losses. The patE gene was expressed in Aspergillus niger allowing purification and characterization of PatE. This confirmed that PatE is active not only on the proposed patulin precursor ascladiol but also on several aromatic alcohols including 5-hydroxymethylfurfural. By elucidating its crystal structure, details on its catalytic mechanism were revealed. Several aspects of the active site architecture are reminiscent of that of fungal aryl-alcohol oxidases. Yet, PatE is most efficient with ascladiol as substrate confirming its dedicated role in biosynthesis of patulin.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1485056
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 4
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 3
social impact