Wireless technologies spanning at the higher bands of microwave range (i.e., Ka-band) are gaining increasing importance in everyday life. Most recent wireless power transfer (WPT) applications work in the microwave and millimeter wave (mmW) frequencies, overlapping with the new frequency bands of the fifth-generation (5G) mobile technology. The spread of such novel electromagnetic (EM) sources raised the need to investigate their possible effects on population's health. Numerical dosimetry is fundamental to assess the exposure of the human body. In the range 24-28 GHz, i.e., the low-band spectrum of the mmW, and bridge between microwaves and mmW, there is poor consensus on the best strategy to model the human body. This article proposes a comparison between the two numerical methodologies typically adopted for this frequency range: the use of multilayer planar slabs and realistic anthropomorphic numerical models. The aim is to highlight the advantages and limits of each method, by comparing EM exposure results obtained on the Virtual Population (ViP) model Duke with several multilayer planar slabs. The differences between the two methods are non-negligible, suggesting the need of further studies and the necessity of improving both modeling approaches, depending on the frequency of work and the investigated application.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Computational Dosimetry Strategies in the Low mmW Range: Comparison between Multilayer Slab and Anthropomorphic Models

Di Meo S.;Pasian M.;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Wireless technologies spanning at the higher bands of microwave range (i.e., Ka-band) are gaining increasing importance in everyday life. Most recent wireless power transfer (WPT) applications work in the microwave and millimeter wave (mmW) frequencies, overlapping with the new frequency bands of the fifth-generation (5G) mobile technology. The spread of such novel electromagnetic (EM) sources raised the need to investigate their possible effects on population's health. Numerical dosimetry is fundamental to assess the exposure of the human body. In the range 24-28 GHz, i.e., the low-band spectrum of the mmW, and bridge between microwaves and mmW, there is poor consensus on the best strategy to model the human body. This article proposes a comparison between the two numerical methodologies typically adopted for this frequency range: the use of multilayer planar slabs and realistic anthropomorphic numerical models. The aim is to highlight the advantages and limits of each method, by comparing EM exposure results obtained on the Virtual Population (ViP) model Duke with several multilayer planar slabs. The differences between the two methods are non-negligible, suggesting the need of further studies and the necessity of improving both modeling approaches, depending on the frequency of work and the investigated application.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1490840
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