Microstructural modifications, induced by femtosecond laser irradiation on Lithium Niobate (LN) crystals were investigated by means of optical microscopy and micro-Raman spectroscopy. Commercial z-cut congruent LN substrates were irradiated with focused ultra-short laser pulses at 810 nm. At the focus region either structural changes or material removal were observed by varying the irradiation conditions. The mapping of Raman spectrum revealed the insurgence of Raman modes, which are forbidden in the used scattering geometry. This phenomenon increases gradually by approaching the ablation region.
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