The ARGO-YBJ experiment is a full coverage air shower array; its lowest energy threshold is reached using the "scaler mode technique". Working in this mode, the signals generated by any particle hitting each cluster are put in coincidence every 150 ns and read by four independent scaler channels, giving the counting rates of multiplicity ≥1, ≥2, ≥3 and ≥4 (C1, C2, C3 and C4, respectively). The study of these counting rates pointed out a different behaviour of C1 respect to C2, C3 and C4, suggesting that C1 is detecting not only cosmic rays. This work shows that the radon (222Rn) gamma emitter daughters present in the ARGO-YBJ building air are contributing to C1 counts at the level of 1 Hz each Bq/m3 of radon. The uncertainty about this contribution is great, because of the high variability of 222Rn concentration and the building ventilation. The radon monitoring will allow the C1 correction improving the sensitivity of the ARGO-YBJ experiment at its lowest energy threshold.

222Rn daughters influence on scaler mode of the ARGO-YBJ detector

GIROLETTI, ELIO;BOLOGNINO, IRENE;CATTANEO, CLAUDIO;LIGUORI, GIUSEPPE;SALVINI, PAOLA;
2011-01-01

Abstract

The ARGO-YBJ experiment is a full coverage air shower array; its lowest energy threshold is reached using the "scaler mode technique". Working in this mode, the signals generated by any particle hitting each cluster are put in coincidence every 150 ns and read by four independent scaler channels, giving the counting rates of multiplicity ≥1, ≥2, ≥3 and ≥4 (C1, C2, C3 and C4, respectively). The study of these counting rates pointed out a different behaviour of C1 respect to C2, C3 and C4, suggesting that C1 is detecting not only cosmic rays. This work shows that the radon (222Rn) gamma emitter daughters present in the ARGO-YBJ building air are contributing to C1 counts at the level of 1 Hz each Bq/m3 of radon. The uncertainty about this contribution is great, because of the high variability of 222Rn concentration and the building ventilation. The radon monitoring will allow the C1 correction improving the sensitivity of the ARGO-YBJ experiment at its lowest energy threshold.
Proceedings of the 32nd International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2011
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/330324
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