It has been suggested that the rate of ADP release from acto-myosin and the rate of acto-myosin dissociation by ATP may play different roles to define unloaded shortening velocity of slow and fast myosins and tha their role might change with temperature (Nytray et al. 2006; Iorga et al. 2007). In this study, the in vitro motility assay (IVMA) approach was used to study the effect of MgATP and MgADP on actin sliding velocity (Vf) on slow and fast skeletal myosin isoforms at different temperatures. The velocity of actin filaments sliding on pure slow (myosin 1) and pure fast (myosin 2B) myosin isoforms from the rat was determined in a range of [MgATP] (0.01-2mM) and in the presence or absence of 2mM MgADP. Experiments were performed at 20, 25 and 35 °C. The rate constants of ADP release and ATP binding to acto-myosin were calculated. The inhibition of Vf by MgADP was greater in slow then fast isoforms and the rate constant of ADP release was higher in fast than slow isoform. The results suggest that, in slow isoforms, the maximum velocity could be limited by the rate of ADP dissociation from actomyosin. The ADP inhibitory effect decreased and the rate constant of ADP release increased in each isoform with temperature accounting for the increase in Vf. No differences were found between isoforms and among temperatures in the rate constant of ATP binding. The possibility that the rate of acto-myosin dissociation induced by ATP could play a role in defining Vf in fast isoforms will be discussed.
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