Single Cell Gel Electrophoresis is currently used to investigate the cell response to genotoxic agents as well as to several biotic and abiotic stresses that lead to oxidative DNA damage. Different versions of Single Cell Gel Electrophoresis have been developed in order to expand the range of DNA lesions that can be detected and guidelines for their use in genetic toxicology have been provided. Applications of Single Cell Gel Electrophoresis in plants are still limited, compared to animal systems. This technique is now emerging as a useful tool in assessing the potential of higher plants as stable sensors in ecosystems and source of information on the genotoxic impact of dangerous pollutants. Another interesting application of Single Cell Gel Electrophoresis deals with Mutation Breeding or the combined use of irradiation and in vitro culture technique to enhance genetic variability in elite plant genotypes. SCGE, in combination with in situ detection of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) induced by γ-rays and expression analysis of both DNA repair and antioxidant genes, can be used to gather information on the radiosensitivity level of the target plant genotypes.

Single Cell Gel Electrophoresis (Comet) assay with plants: research on DNA repair and ecogenotoxicity testing

VENTURA, LORENZO;SAVIO, MONICA;MACOVEI, ANCA;BUTTAFAVA, ARMANDO;CARBONERA, DANIELA;BALESTRAZZI, ALMA
2013-01-01

Abstract

Single Cell Gel Electrophoresis is currently used to investigate the cell response to genotoxic agents as well as to several biotic and abiotic stresses that lead to oxidative DNA damage. Different versions of Single Cell Gel Electrophoresis have been developed in order to expand the range of DNA lesions that can be detected and guidelines for their use in genetic toxicology have been provided. Applications of Single Cell Gel Electrophoresis in plants are still limited, compared to animal systems. This technique is now emerging as a useful tool in assessing the potential of higher plants as stable sensors in ecosystems and source of information on the genotoxic impact of dangerous pollutants. Another interesting application of Single Cell Gel Electrophoresis deals with Mutation Breeding or the combined use of irradiation and in vitro culture technique to enhance genetic variability in elite plant genotypes. SCGE, in combination with in situ detection of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) induced by γ-rays and expression analysis of both DNA repair and antioxidant genes, can be used to gather information on the radiosensitivity level of the target plant genotypes.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/677814
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 12
  • Scopus 50
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 44
social impact