The degeneration of the vascular wall tissue induces a change of the arterial stiffness, i.e., the capability of the vessel to distend under the pulsatile haemodynamic load. In the literature the aortic stiffness is usually computed following a simple deterministic approach, in which only the maximum and the minimum values of arterial diameter and blood pressure over the cardiac cycle are considered. In the present work, we propose a stochastic approach to assess the stiffness, and its spatial variation, of a given aortic region exploiting patient specific geometrical data derived from Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA). In particular, the arterial stiffness is com puted linking the aortic kinematic information derived from CTA with pressure waveforms, generated using a lumped parameter model of the arterial circulation. The proposed method is able to include the uncertainty of the input variables as well as to use the entire diameter and blood pressure waveforms over the cardiac cycle rather than only their maximum and minimum values. Although the efficiency and accuracy of the proposed method are tested on a single patient-specific case, the proposed approach is powerful and already possesses the ability to evaluate regional changes of stiffness in human aorta using non-invasive data. The final objective of our work is to support the adoption of techniques such as CTA as a standard tool for diagnosis and treatment planning of aortic diseases.

A Clinically Applicable Stochastic Approach for Noninvasive Estimation of Aortic Stiffness Using Computed Tomography Data

AURICCHIO, FERDINANDO;CONTI, MICHELE;FERRARA, ANNA;
2015

Abstract

The degeneration of the vascular wall tissue induces a change of the arterial stiffness, i.e., the capability of the vessel to distend under the pulsatile haemodynamic load. In the literature the aortic stiffness is usually computed following a simple deterministic approach, in which only the maximum and the minimum values of arterial diameter and blood pressure over the cardiac cycle are considered. In the present work, we propose a stochastic approach to assess the stiffness, and its spatial variation, of a given aortic region exploiting patient specific geometrical data derived from Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA). In particular, the arterial stiffness is com puted linking the aortic kinematic information derived from CTA with pressure waveforms, generated using a lumped parameter model of the arterial circulation. The proposed method is able to include the uncertainty of the input variables as well as to use the entire diameter and blood pressure waveforms over the cardiac cycle rather than only their maximum and minimum values. Although the efficiency and accuracy of the proposed method are tested on a single patient-specific case, the proposed approach is powerful and already possesses the ability to evaluate regional changes of stiffness in human aorta using non-invasive data. The final objective of our work is to support the adoption of techniques such as CTA as a standard tool for diagnosis and treatment planning of aortic diseases.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11571/979270
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 14
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 13
social impact