A measurement of the total pp cross section at the LHC at √s = 7 TeV is presented. In a special run with high-β⋆ beam optics, an integrated luminosity of 80 μb−1 was accumulated in order to measure the differ- ential elastic cross section as a function of the Mandelstam momentum transfer variable t. The measurement is performed with the ALFA sub-detector of ATLAS. Using a fit to the differential elastic cross section in the |t| range from 0.01 GeV2 to 0.1 GeV2 to extrapolate to |t| → 0, the total cross section, σtot(pp → X), is measured via the optical theorem to be: σtot(pp → X) = 95.35 ± 0.38 (stat.) ± 1.25 (exp.) ± 0.37 (extr.) mb, where the first error is statistical, the second accounts for all experimental systematic uncertainties and the last is related to uncertainties in the extrapolation to |t| → 0. In addition, the slope of the elastic cross section at small |t| is determined to be B = 19.73 ± 0.14 (stat.) ± 0.26 (syst.) GeV−2.

easurement of the total cross section from elastic scattering in pp collisions at s√=7 TeV with the ATLAS detector

CONTA, CLAUDIO;DONDERO, PAOLO;FRATERNALI, MARCO;LIVAN, MICHELE;NEGRI, ANDREA;REBUZZI, DANIELA MARCELLA;RIMOLDI, ADELE;
2014

Abstract

A measurement of the total pp cross section at the LHC at √s = 7 TeV is presented. In a special run with high-β⋆ beam optics, an integrated luminosity of 80 μb−1 was accumulated in order to measure the differ- ential elastic cross section as a function of the Mandelstam momentum transfer variable t. The measurement is performed with the ALFA sub-detector of ATLAS. Using a fit to the differential elastic cross section in the |t| range from 0.01 GeV2 to 0.1 GeV2 to extrapolate to |t| → 0, the total cross section, σtot(pp → X), is measured via the optical theorem to be: σtot(pp → X) = 95.35 ± 0.38 (stat.) ± 1.25 (exp.) ± 0.37 (extr.) mb, where the first error is statistical, the second accounts for all experimental systematic uncertainties and the last is related to uncertainties in the extrapolation to |t| → 0. In addition, the slope of the elastic cross section at small |t| is determined to be B = 19.73 ± 0.14 (stat.) ± 0.26 (syst.) GeV−2.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11571/985078
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