Archaeological and genetic evidence suggest that modern cattle might result from two domestication events of aurochs (Bos primigenius) in southwest Asia, which gave rise to taurine (Bos taurus) and zebuine (Bos indicus) cattle, respectively. However, independent domestication in Africa and East Asia has also been postulated and ancient DNA data raise the possibility of local introgression from wild aurochs. Here, we show by sequencing entire mitochondrial genomes from modern cattle that extinct wild aurochsen from Europe occasionally transmitted their mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) to domesticated taurine breeds.

Mitochondrial genomes of extinct aurochs survive in domestic cattle

ACHILLI, ALESSANDRO;OLIVIERI, ANNA;UBOLDI, CRISTINA;AL-ZAHERY, NADIA;ACCETTURO, MATTEO;PALA, MARIA;HOOSHIAR KASHANI, BAHARAK;PEREGO, UGO ALESSANDRO;BATTAGLIA, VINCENZA;FORNARINO, SIMONA;SEMINO, ORNELLA;FERRETTI, LUCA;TORRONI, ANTONIO
2008-01-01

Abstract

Archaeological and genetic evidence suggest that modern cattle might result from two domestication events of aurochs (Bos primigenius) in southwest Asia, which gave rise to taurine (Bos taurus) and zebuine (Bos indicus) cattle, respectively. However, independent domestication in Africa and East Asia has also been postulated and ancient DNA data raise the possibility of local introgression from wild aurochs. Here, we show by sequencing entire mitochondrial genomes from modern cattle that extinct wild aurochsen from Europe occasionally transmitted their mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) to domesticated taurine breeds.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/117838
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 73
  • Scopus 206
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 198
social impact