AIM: To evaluate the usefulness of arterial spin labelling (ASL) qualitative analysis for the localisation of seizure-related perfusion abnormalities in paediatric patients with negative brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) epilepsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-two patients with a diagnosis of MRI-negative focal or generalised epilepsy, who underwent electroencephalogram (EEG) and MRI with ASL in the interictal phase were included. Perfusion abnormalities were evaluated through a qualitative assessment and then compared to EEG seizure focus. RESULTS: Among the 42 patients, 26 had focal epilepsy and 16 had generalised epilepsy. Thirty-three patients (79%) showed a perfusion abnormality, mainly hypoperfusion (74.5% of all ASL alterations), whereas hyperperfused alterations were more represented in patients who experienced the last seizure either less than 48 hours prior to ASL acquisition or in the time interval from 1 week to 1 month prior to ASL acquisition (p=0.034). Concordance of ASL abnormality and EEG focus was found in 33 patients (78.5%), as complete in 17 (40.5%) and as partial in 16 (38%). A trend of higher concordance was found in focal epilepsies compared to generalised epilepsies (p=0.059). The concordance between ASL and EEG major alterations was higher for hyperperfused anomalies than for hypoperfused ones (p=0.009). Variables such as age, sedation, and time from last seizure were not significant contributors for concordance. CONCLUSIONS: The combined use of qualitative ASL and brain MRI and scalp EEG could be a potential tool in daily clinical practice.

Arterial spin labelling qualitative assessment in paediatric patients with MRI-negative epilepsy

Pasca L.;Sanvito F.;Ballante E.;Totaro M.;Bergui A.;Pichiecchio A.
2021

Abstract

AIM: To evaluate the usefulness of arterial spin labelling (ASL) qualitative analysis for the localisation of seizure-related perfusion abnormalities in paediatric patients with negative brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) epilepsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-two patients with a diagnosis of MRI-negative focal or generalised epilepsy, who underwent electroencephalogram (EEG) and MRI with ASL in the interictal phase were included. Perfusion abnormalities were evaluated through a qualitative assessment and then compared to EEG seizure focus. RESULTS: Among the 42 patients, 26 had focal epilepsy and 16 had generalised epilepsy. Thirty-three patients (79%) showed a perfusion abnormality, mainly hypoperfusion (74.5% of all ASL alterations), whereas hyperperfused alterations were more represented in patients who experienced the last seizure either less than 48 hours prior to ASL acquisition or in the time interval from 1 week to 1 month prior to ASL acquisition (p=0.034). Concordance of ASL abnormality and EEG focus was found in 33 patients (78.5%), as complete in 17 (40.5%) and as partial in 16 (38%). A trend of higher concordance was found in focal epilepsies compared to generalised epilepsies (p=0.059). The concordance between ASL and EEG major alterations was higher for hyperperfused anomalies than for hypoperfused ones (p=0.009). Variables such as age, sedation, and time from last seizure were not significant contributors for concordance. CONCLUSIONS: The combined use of qualitative ASL and brain MRI and scalp EEG could be a potential tool in daily clinical practice.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11571/1450168
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