Charge unbalancing in series-connected cells can lead to lower storage capacity and shorter battery life. Model-based optimization strategies have proven to be very effective in addressing this problem. In this article, we propose a general nonlinear model predictive control (NMPC) scheme for obtaining a balancing-aware optimal charging. The presented method relies on an electrochemical model, tailored for control purposes. In view of the possibility of practical implementation, the concepts are subsequently specialized for an easily implementable power supply scheme. Finally, the NMPC approach is validated on commercial cells using a detailed battery simulator, with sound evidence of its effectiveness both under the assumption of full state availability and in the presence of an observer scheme.

Balancing-aware charging strategy for series-connected lithium-ion cells: A nonlinear model predictive control approach

Pozzi A.;Zambelli M.;Ferrara A.;Raimondo D. M.
2020

Abstract

Charge unbalancing in series-connected cells can lead to lower storage capacity and shorter battery life. Model-based optimization strategies have proven to be very effective in addressing this problem. In this article, we propose a general nonlinear model predictive control (NMPC) scheme for obtaining a balancing-aware optimal charging. The presented method relies on an electrochemical model, tailored for control purposes. In view of the possibility of practical implementation, the concepts are subsequently specialized for an easily implementable power supply scheme. Finally, the NMPC approach is validated on commercial cells using a detailed battery simulator, with sound evidence of its effectiveness both under the assumption of full state availability and in the presence of an observer scheme.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1347494
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